Recently, the term ‘fourth industrial revolution’ has been used widely and is seen in newspapers, magazines, television and radio. Studying the history of the previous industrial revolutions, it is clear that the revolutions have always transformed the industry and production and the daily life of people.

The world has experienced three industrial revolutions so far:

The first industrial revolution in 1784 when water and steam powers were used to launch machinery for mechanized production.

The second industrial revolution in 1870 when electricity was used for mass production.

The third industrial revolution in 1969 when electronics and information technol…
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